Archaeological research has unearthed artifacts from the Bronze Age, Iron Age, and even the Roman period.

During excavations conducted from 1997 to 1999 on the castle hill, protohistoric ceramics dating back to the late Bronze Age were discovered.

After the fall of the Roman Empire, the area witnessed various incursions and migrations of peoples.

Dominated by the Lombards from 568 AD until the conquest by Charlemagne in 774 AD, it suffered devastation from the Avars in the 7th century and the Hungarians in the first half of the 10th century.

The first certain and documented mention of "Butrium" dates back to 1015, and the toponym can be traced back to a pre-Roman word meaning "depression, chasm, ravine." The area was administered in the 1200s by the Counts of Gorizia and later by the Lords of Buttrio, until 1415.

Five years later, Venice extended its dominion over Friuli, and Buttrio was also involved in the events of grand history: first under Venetian rule, then annexation to Austria with the Treaty of Campoformido (1797), a brief Napoleonic experience, the Lombardo-Venetian Kingdom under Habsburg control, and finally annexation to the Kingdom of Italy with the plebiscite of October 22, 1866 The 20th century, with its tragic events related to the two World Wars, left indelible marks on the territory and in the memories of the inhabitants.

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